Most of our readers desire to know the names and the detailed history of the daughters of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم), below we have mentioned the names and the related details of all the daughters of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) except the daughter called Fatima Bint Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). 

Since her related details and the historical data demands entirely a separate topic to be written on her personality and the incidents associated to her and also since she was so close and dear to the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم).



Who was Ruqayya Bint Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)?

Ruqayya (رضي الله عنه) was the second daughter of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). She was married to Utbah, a son of Abu Lahab’s, the greatest enemy of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) started preaching Islam, Abu Lahab asked his son to divorce Ruqayya. His son Utbah did as his father asked him to do and sent back his wife to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). 

Later on, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) married Ruqayya with Uthman, who later on became the third caliph (Imam) of Islam. Read more: Umm-e-Habiba (رضي الله عنها) Wife of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)



Ruqayya Bint Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) migrated to Madina with her Husband

In the fifth year of the prophethood, Uthman and Ruqayya(رضي الله عنه)migrated to Abyssinia as the conditions in Makkah were becoming difficult for the Muslims to live in.

The Quraysh and other tribes were always trying to harm them. They came back to Makkah, knowing that things had returned to normal. But they found to their dismay that things have become worse in Makkah. Read more: Sawada (رضي الله عنها), The Second Wife of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)



So they again went back to Abyssinia after staying in Abyssinia for a considerable period, they went to Madinah to which the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) had already migrated from Makkah.

Verse

رَبَّنَاۤ اٰمَنَّا بِمَاۤ اَنۡزَلۡتَ وَاتَّبَعۡنَا الرَّسُوۡلَ فَاكۡتُبۡنَا مَعَ الشّٰهِدِيۡنَ

Our Lord! We believe in the commandment You have revealed and we obey the Messenger; make us, then, one of those who bear witness (to the Truth). Al Imran 3:53




She Died in Madinah

In the second year after the Migration, when the preparations for Badr were being made, Ruqayya (رضي الله عنه)fell ill. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) left behind Uthman, her husband, to take care of her, Ruqayya (رضي الله عنه)died the day Usama ibn Zayd came to Madinah with news of the victory at Badr. Read more: Maymunah (رضي الله عنها) wife of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was away at the battle, so he could not take part in her funeral prayers. When he came back from Badr, he went to her grave and became very sad. The women started crying loudly. Umar went up to stop them.



But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) held him back and said, ‘There is no harm in weeping but crying loudly and lamenting are acts of Satan. Fatima, his youngest daughter, was very sad and sat at the grave of her sister and wept. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) constantly wiped her tears.

Ruqayya (رضي الله عنه)had a son who died when he was seven years old. After this, she did not bear another son.

Verse

قُلِ اللّٰهُمَّ مٰلِكَ الۡمُلۡكِ تُؤۡتِى الۡمُلۡكَ مَنۡ تَشَآءُ وَتَنۡزِعُ الۡمُلۡكَ مِمَّنۡ تَشَآءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَنۡ تَشَآءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَنۡ تَشَآءُ​ ؕ بِيَدِكَ الۡخَيۡرُ​ؕ اِنَّكَ عَلٰى كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ قَدِيۡرٌ‏

Say: ‘O Allah, Lord of all dominion! You give dominion to whom You will and take away dominion from whom You will, and You exalt whom You will, and abase whom You will. In Your Hand is all good. Surely You are All-Powerful. (Al Imran 3:26)




Who was Umm-e-Kulthum Bint Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)?

Umm-e-Kulthum (رضي الله عنه)was the third daughter of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). She was married to Utaibah, another son of Abu Lahab’s. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) started calling people to shun idolatry and accept Islam, Abu Lahab became a great enemy of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Read more: Who was Khadija Bint Khuwaylid and What Role She Played for Islam?

He asked his sons to divorce the daughters of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) who were married to his two sons. He immediately divorced Umm-e-Kulthum  (رضي الله عنه) and Umm-e-Kulthum (رضي الله عنه) remained with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and after the death of her sister Ruqayya (رضي الله عنه), the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) married her to Uthman.




She lived with Uthman for six years and died in the 9th Hijri. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) performed her burial prayers and Ali, Usamah ibn Zayd, Fadhl ibn Abbas put her in the grave. She did not have any issue.

Dua:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَجَعَلَنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

All praises are due to Allah who provided us with food and drink and made us believers.

Who was Umamah Bint Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)?

Umamah (رضي الله عنه)was the Prophet’s granddaughter, is the daughter of Zaynab, the Prophet’s daughter and her husband Abul Aas. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) loved Umamah very much. Read more: Maymunah (رضي الله عنها) Wife of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and the One Who Devoted Herself for Islam



In the Sahih Bukhari, it has been recorded that the Prophet once came to the mosque carrying Umamah on his shoulder and led the prayer carrying her in his arms. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) did Ruku and Sajdah, he put Umamah down, and when he stood up he took her again in his arms.

Once, somebody, perhaps Najashi, sent the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) expensive gifts that included a beautiful necklace. The Prophet announced that he would give it to the one who was dearest to him. 



Everyone thought it would be given to Aisha, the prophet’s wife, who was very dear to the Prophet. But the Prophet called the Umamah and put the necklace around her neck himself, at the time of the Prophet’s death, Umamah was grown up.

After the death of Fatimah, Ali ibn Talib was married to Umamah. It has been reported that Abul Aas had made a will and had instructed Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, who was his cousin, to perform this nikah The marriage of Umamah took place under Zubayr’s supervision and he read the Khutbah of nikkah.



When Ali ibn Talib died in the year 40th Hijri, he had also made a will that Mughira ibn Naufil, a grandson of Abdul Muttalib should marry her. Meanwhile, Amir Muawiyah also sent a proposal of marriage and asked Marwan to spend one thousand dinars on the marriage ceremony. However, before this, Umamah had agreed to marry Mughira, who married her after having the permission of Hasan ibn Ali.

Dua:

O Allah, quench us, O Allah, bless us with rainfall. us, O Allah,