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Diabetes is the most common disease with which people are suffering worldwide. It occurs when the body isn’t producing enough insulin or when it can’t properly respond to it then the blood glucose level gets increased and lead to the development of diabetes. So by managing the sugar levels in the blood the chance of living a full and healthy life with diabetes can be increased.
Types of Diabetes
There are four (4) main types of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes.
In ancient times, type 1 diabetes was considered to be fatal which can lead to death even within months or weeks. However, the introduction of insulin as a treatment has increased the average life expectancy. Still, there is no cure for diabetes, but new drugs are discovering that aim to reduce this fatal disease, and providing awareness about the possible causes of diabetes will further help to enhance the life expectancy of the population. Read more: Why Life Expectancy is Reduced in Saudi Arabia?
According to WHO, Saudi Arabia is considered to be the second highest in the Middle East, and seventh in the world for their rate of diabetes. Studies showed that around 7 million of the Saudi population are diabetic and almost 3 million are pre-diabetic. Due to lack of exercise, unhealthy food, and obesity Saudi people are suffering from such a high rate of diabetes. Read more: Is Keto Diet Good for Your Health in Saudi Arabia?
In ancient times various treatments suggested by Greek physicians include:
- Increased exercise because it will reduce the need for excessive urination.
- Use of nonirritating milk and carbohydrate diet like milk with rice, barley water boiled with bread, and use of gummy foods because it will help in thicken the blood and provide salts.
- Use of fenugreek and lupin powders.
- Use of narcotics like opium.
- Intake of foods that can be easily digested.
- Tobacco, use of green vegetables, a carb-free diet, and practice fasting. Read more: How Can you Avoid a Heart Attack?
With these early treatments doctors also recommend a healthy diet plan containing 65% fat, 32% protein, and 3%carbohydrate. Along with a healthy diet, various chemicals and drugs were also recommended including:
- Ammonium sulfide
- Potassium salts
Nowadays, people with type 1 and some people with type 2 diabetes have to take insulin every day to maintain their blood glucose levels. Diabetes is so common in Saudi Arabia that drugs including insulin is provided free of cost to the deserving people.
People have had to take injections of animal-based insulin every day for many years, but recently several other treatments have been devised including the introduction of insulin analogs and discovering new ways to enhance targeted delivery of insulin both of these factors will help in making the diabetes treatment more effective. Read more: 4 Types of Arthritis, and Their Symptoms And Treatments
However, in the case of type 2 diabetes, the use of insulin is not very effective so several other non-insulin medications are also available including
- Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors
- Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor inhibitors
New medications that are being used nowadays include both oral and injectable medicines. Furthermore, scientists have still working on developing new treatments that will help in reducing the mortality rate due to both types of diabetes. In the future, immunotherapy and artificial pancreas transplant will also be used as a possible treatment option against type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Read more: Are Vitamin Supplements Necessary for Every Young Child in Saudi Arabia?