Thought the observance of Ramy after Maghrib on the 10th of Zul-Hijjah is Makrooh (disliked) for all persons with the exception of ailing persons and women, Yet this Wajib stands discharged by observing Ramy any time during the night before dawn (appearance of Fajr). (Zubdah)
Q1). What if someone dies after the 10th day of Zul-Hijjah and not performed the RAMY?
If someone had not performed Ramy and the night after 10th day of Zul-Hijjah passed away, its accomplishment after this is due and a Da’m shall become obligatory as well for delaying it.
Q2). Can the Ramy be performed by someone else?
Males, females, sick persons and old aged people all are required to perform Ramy by themselves and to have the ritual of Ramy performed by someone else is not permissible without a lawful excuse.
And the admitted lawful excuse is only that sort of illness or weakness on account of which one may be allowed to offer prayers while sitting. That person is also lawfully excused who is put to hard troubles for reaching Jamaraat even in a carriage or he seriously fears intensity in his disease, or he is unable to walk on foot and no conveyance is available. Such a person may have the Ramy performed by someone else on his behalf.
Q3). Should the one performing Ramy for someone else perform his Ramy first OR the other one?
It is preferable for a person who is performing Ramy on behalf of someone else to perform his own Ramy first and then to perform Ramy on behalf of someone else.
During those days in which Ramy is performed at all three Jamaraat, one should perform his Ramy first at all three Jamaraat and then perform Ramy on behalf of someone else. It is also however permissible that on the first Jamaraat he throws his own seven pebbles immediately followed by another seven on someone else’s behalf do the same thing on 2nd and 3rd Jamaraat.
Nowadays due to the intense rush of people, this method of performing Ramy is convenient. But he must not perform Ramy in the way that his own solitary pebble is thrown followed by another solitary pebble on others behalf because this practice stands Makrooh (disliked). First, he should finish his own seven pebbles then start for others.
Q4). What is the validity of the Ramy performed by someone else on behalf of an excused person?
The validity of a Ramy performed by someone else on behalf of an excused person is subject to the condition that the excused person deputes him as his agent by himself. Ramy performed without deputation by the excused person does not stand valid. Anyhow, on behalf of little children or insane or senseless persons, their guardians are lawfully allowed to perform Ramy on their own.
Q5). Can the Hajj pilgrim (Pebble) touch the Jamaraat?
It is not necessary for the pebble to touch the Jamaraat. If it falls within the surroundings of Jamaraat, it also stands discharged. The surroundings is within that boundary fence which has been constructed in the shape of a wall around every Jamaraat. In case a pebble does not fall in this particular compound then another fresh pebble should be thrown to replace it.
Q6). Where area of the wall of Jamaraat the Hajj pilgrim should throw the stone?
The pebbles should be thrown at the base of the Jamaraat, yet there is no harm if the pebbles touch the Jamaraat a Little higher.
Q7). Do you know what the Hajj pilgrims have to do once they reach Mina from Muzdalifah?
We have enlisted below the number of obligations that need to be performed and other related clarifications to be specifically taken care of by the Hajj pilgrims.
Q8). Do you know which place the Hajj pilgrims need to move after reaching Mina & what to perform?
Today on reaching Mina, the first thing to do is the Ramy at Jamaratul-Aqabah which is Wajib (obligatory) on this very day. One should remember that there are three places in Mina known as Jamaraat and seven pebbles (small stones) are pelted or thrown on each of these Jamaraat.
Q9). Do you know the exact location & where the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Jamaraat are located?
The first Jamaraat is near the large Masjid of Mina i.e. near the Masjid-e-Khaif which is called Jamaratul-Oola. The second Jamaraat is next to the first and is called Jamaratul-Wusta. The third Jamaraat is situated right at the end of Mina which is called Jamaratul-Aqabah.
Q10). Do you know which Jamaraat, the pebbles or small stones will be pelted on 10th of Zul-Hijjah?
On the 10th Day of Zul-Hijjah Ramy (pelting of pebbles) will be performed only at this Jamaratul-Aqabah with seven pebbles.
Q11). What Ramy literally means & what it has the importance in the light of Islam?
Ramy linguistically means to pelt stones or pebbles. This Ramy is observed as a memorial of that approved practice of Sayyidna Ibrahim (A.S) which he did at the time he took his son Sayyidna Ismail (A.S) for offering him as a sacrifice and the Satan tried to mislead him. At that time Sayyidna Ibrahim (A.S) repelled Satan by throwing pebbles at him.
Q12). Is collecting stones from Muzdalifah Obligatory or yet the stones can be collected from other places as well?
For the Ramy of the First Day at Jamaratul-Aqabah, it is Mustahab to bring seven pebbles from Muzdalifah, yet collecting them from anywhere else is also permissible. But one should not collect pebbles from around the Jamaraat; because the pebbles lying near the Jamaraat are reprobated in the sight the Allah as clearly stated in a Hadith. The pebbles thrown by those pilgrims whose Hajj has been approved by Allah are lifted up.
Q13). Is it prohibited or disallowed to use polluted pebbles or stones for the purpose of Ramy?
It is Makrooh (disliked) to use polluted pebbles for the purpose of Ramy. Therefore it is better to wash the pebbles before pelting. And if it is not known with certainty that the pebbles are polluted then the usage of such pebbles is allowed.
Q14). What should be the size of the Pebbles or stones?
The pebbles should be equal to a large chickpea in size. And It is also permissible if it is equal to a seed of a date in size. However, it is Makrooh (disliked) to perform Ramy with large stones.
Q15). What are the timings of performing Ramy or Jamaratul-Aqabah on the 10th of Zul-Hijjah?
The best time for the Ramy of Jamaratul-Aqabah on the 10th Day of Zul-Hijjah in from sunrise until mid-day.
Q16). Can Ramy be performed from Mid-day till sunset and what’s the ruling after sunset?
It is also permissible from mid-day till sunset. However it is Makrooh to do it after sunset but for the ailing, weak person and females it is not Makrooh even after sunset.
Q17). Why the Ramy is being allowed after sunrise till sunset?
Nowadays of a concourse of people becomes so intense that some casualties have even occurred in the attempt to perform Ramy before noon. Therefore the permissibility to perform Ramy up to sunset should be availed of.
Q18). What about in case the women not convenient, Ailing and weak males perform Ramy after sunset?
If women do not find it convenient before sunset, they shall perform Ramy after sunset. Likewise, ailing and weak males may also perform Ramy after Maghrib but they should not miss it.
Q19). Where one should stand while pelting or throwing a stone at Jamaratul-Aqabah?
One should stand at least five arm’s length away from Jamaratul-Aqabah though it is harmless to stand at a further distance.
Q20). Which hand to be used while pelting stone and what Hajj pilgrims should recite during Ramy?
One should then pelt pebbles one by one at the Jamaraat using the right hand while pronouncing AKBAR BISMILLAH ALLAH with the throw each pebble.
And if someone remembers then this should be recited as well.
(I throw this pebble) in order to debase Satan and to please the most Gracious Allah. O Allah, render my Hajj approved and accord your approbation to my effort and forgive my sins.
Q21). What in case, if someone had pelted all seven stones in one throw?
If some had pelted all seven pebbles in one throw, it will be counted as one and he will have to complete the count of seven pebbles.
Q22). When reciting Talbiya should be discontinued?
Talbiya is to be discontinued as soon as one starts Ramy at Jamaratul-Aqabah. Likewise, Talbiya will not be recited thereafter.
Q23). Should the Hajj pilgrims stay further at Jamaratul-Aqabah after pelting stone?
On this date having a further stay after the Ramy at Jamaratul-Aqabah for the purpose of offering invocation is not Sunnah. The Pilgrim should return to his tent (place of stay) after Ramy and to perform Ramy at other Jamaraat on this day is merely out of ignorance.