Ramadan is one of the blessed months of the Islamic year. It is the 9th month in the Islamic calendar and is complete festivity for the Muslims to celebrate. They fast during the month and pray for the blessings and forgiveness of Allah Almighty on the special nights of the last 10 days of the month. Since Islamic calendar changes on the sighting of moon it becomes highly important to see the crescent for this holy month.
However, with the beauty of the month rises a lot of conflict among Muslims across the world whether when is the moon sighted. However, Saudi Arabia always has a lead with moon sighting. What are their plans for this year? How does they sight moon? What’s the procedure? Read all about it in the article below.
The Crescent for Ramadan will be Observed on Thursday April 23
The moon sighting in every country is observed by the Ruet-e-Hilal committee. However, in Saudi Arabia the Supreme Court directs the Ruet-e-Hilal committees. According to local newspaper, it has officially ordered them to observe Ramadan moon on Shaba’an 29th or Thursday, April 23, according to the calendar set by the Umm Al-Qura calendar.
What is Umm Al-Qura Calendar?
Since, not every month is equally important so usually not every month’s moon is sighted with whole preparation. However, as per the astronomical calculations it is estimated when the moon will sight and according to that calendar work is adjusted. Read more: Taraweeh Prayers to be Performed in the 2 Holy Mosques During Ramadan
Will it be Shaba’an 30th or 29th According to Umm Al-Qura?
According to Umm Al-Qura, on 23rd April it must be Shaba’an 29th. However, According to the Supreme Court verdict,
Shaban will be 30th on Thursday as moon was not sighted on 29th Rajab. Since, the month of Rajab became 30 days while the month of Rajab was supposed to be 29 days depending on the calendar assigned to the government therefore, Thursday will be Shaban’s 30th, not 29th.
The New Method of Sighting Moon with Accuracy
The Saudi Ministry has decided to expand their sphere of work and accuracy and told media that in the upcoming Islamic Hijri calender 1441, the Makkah clock tower will be used as an observatory for Ramadan moon. The clock tower in accordance with the International space agency will be the first observatory for Islamic countries using the modern telescopes. Read more: Update: Saudi Arabia Announces to Revise Curfew Timings During the Month of Ramadan
The Old Method of Sighting Moon for Ramadan
The usual Umm Al-Qura method is used to calculate the moon sighting and different Ruet-e-Hilal Committees are set to use the telescopes across different regions to observe moon. According to them, it has been already told that at sunset the crescent will be at a height of 3 degree above the western horizon, it will be there for 20 minutes after sunset. The moon will be visible to human eye during sunset. Read more: Saudi Arabia Temporarily Suspends Iftar Service in Prophet’s Mosque (Masjid-e-Nabwi)
What is the Expected Timeline for Fasting During Ramadan?
The fasting of Ramadan beginning from 24th April 2020, will be less than 15 hours this year. The initial days of the Holy Month are to be the shortest for fasting with 14 hours and 25 minutes, while the longest period of fasting will be 14 Hours and 57 minutes during Ramadan last days. Read more: Grand Mufti Said Taraweeh and Eid Prayer to be Performed at Home if Covid-19 Continues
What are the preparations of Holy Mosques for Ramadan?
According to spokesman for the General Presidency of the Masjid Al-Haram and Masjid-e-Nabwi affairs, Hani Haider, The General Presidency, Shaykh Dr Abdul Rahman al-Sadis, has announced the Ramadan plan for the 3 holy mosques.
- Taraweeh will be performed in the 2 Holy mosques but without worshipers.
- Umrah will remain suspended until further notice.
- Total Rakats of Taraweeh will be reduced from 20 to 10.
- Two Imams to lead Taraweeh (First 6 Rakats by 1st Imam and Last 4 Rakats and Witr by 2nd Imam).
- Length of the Qunoot Dua to be shortened.
- Khatam Al-Quran will be done on Night 29 in the night prayer (Tahajjud).