Overview of Immunization (Vaccination)
A vaccine is a material which is injected to a human being to prevent them from serious diseases and it typically carries an agent that matches a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of its toxins, which serve as an antidote for that serious or infectious disease
Vaccine in Saudi Arabia (KSA)
Saudi government declared that all the necessary vaccines are given to all Saudi expats and Saudis, alike, for free. According to them all children on Saudi soil are equal in this regard. The goal is to protect every child by providing them with a facility regardless of their nationalities.
The supplemental dose of pneumococcal vaccine (PCV-13) dose is free, and it’s easily available at primary health centers.
Enlightenment on Some Significant Points on Vaccine
- Children vaccine protects children from infectious diseases and their dangerous complications hence try to immunize them on time to ensure maximum protection.
- Missing a shot often makes a child exposed to serious infections. To ensure full protection, children who have fallen behind schedule can catch up without having to start over.
- Injecting a combined vaccine anticipated to reduce shots. It’s safe and effective as individual ones. Combined vaccines comprise a hexavalent vaccine against tetanus, influenza type B and hepatitis B etc.
- Like all other medications, immunization also possess simple side effects, such as pain or redness due to the shot, fever, or stress which can be cured easily within a days
- Avoid injecting vaccine if the child overreacts to an early dose of the same vaccine or if he/she is with a weak immune system. Read: An Increasing Trend of Obesity in Saudi Arabia
Schedule of Vaccination in Saudi Arabia (KSA) for Saudi Citizens and Saudi Expats
List of Vaccination Available in Saudi Arabia for Saudi Expats and Saudi Citizens
Some of the foremost diseases and their complications which is essential to be cured at a time or else it can lead to great loss.
- Tuberculosis (TB): TB is a contagious bacterial infection that involves the lungs. (BCG Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Hepatitis B: HBV causes fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes), dark urine, and liver cancer. HBV can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during birth. (HBV Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Polio: permanent paralysis, It is a crippling disease that attacks the nervous system (IPV Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Diphtheria: Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that affects the throat that causes difficulty breathing (DTaP Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Hemophilia Influenza: It causes a wide range of diseases including meningitis, pneumonia (HIB Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Gastroenteritis (diarrhea, vomiting, or both): It may lead to dehydration，loss of body fluids (RotaTeq is used to prevent from it).
- Measles: It causes rash and fever. Its complications include pneumonia (MMR Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Rubella: It causes rash and fever. Pregnant women with rubella may abort or give premature birth. A fetus may suffer acute cardiac and brain deformities, deafness and blindness. (MMR Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Mumps: It affects the salivary glands，It may also lead to permanent deafness and male infertility. (MMR Vaccine is used to prevent from it).
- Chickenpox: It is characterized by itchy red blisters with fever. It may cause acute itchy rash, pneumonia, or death. It often affects children or people with weak immune systems. (Varicella Vaccine is used to prevent from it).