Do we need to speak out loudly while making the intention of Hajj and Umrah?
Most commonly it is asked whether one while doing the Niyyah (intention) should speak out loud or it should be done in heart quietly. We have tried to collect various Quranic Ayaat and Hadith and presented below for our frequent website visitors who wish to know this issue for their proper understanding.
Where is the actual place for intention for Hajj and Umrah?
Based on the various Hadith and rulings, the scholars have come to the conclusion that the actual place of doing Niyyah (Intention) is in the heart rather speaking out loudly. Instead some scholars say it is strictly disallowed. Read more: Important Rules to follow while moving back from Muzdalifah to Mina by Hajj pilgrims
Is there any prove from Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله وسلم) act of Sunnah?
Most of the recognized Scholars claim that the place for the intention for Hajj and Umrah is the heart, and speaking it out loud is bid’ah (Innovation in Islam). It was not proven that the Prophet (صلي الله وسلم) or his companions spoke the intention for any act of worship out loud. Read more: Important Rules to follow while moving from Arafat to Muzdalifah by Hajj pilgrims
REMEMBER! The Talbiyah in Hajj and ‘Umrah is not the intention.
What is the reason of making intention in heart instead of speaking it loudly?
One of the renowned religious scholar says that speaking the intention is a bid’ah (innovation) and doing so loudly is even more sinful. Rather the Sunnah is to make one’s intention in the heart, because Allah knows that which is secret and what is even more hidden. Read more: Necessary Rules to follow while performing Ramy by Hajj pilgrims
Quranic Ayat supporting the above reason
Allah says in the Quran (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say: Will you inform Allah of your religion while Allah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth?” [Al-Hujuraat 49:16]
Speaking out Niyyah (Intention) loudly not proven by Sunnah, Acts of Prophet’s Companions OR other Prominent Imams
It was not narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله وسلم) or the Prophet’s companions (Sahaabah) or any of the most prominent imams that they spoke the intention out loud. From this we may understand that it is not prescribed, rather it is an innovation that has been introduced into the religion. And Allah is the Source of strength. Read more: Basic Understanding of 1st Day of Hajj – 8th of Zul-Hijjah
Speaking out intention loudly even for fasting OR any other act of worship is proven from the Prophet’s (صلي الله وسلم) act of Sunnah
The prominent religious scholar states that it is not proven from any of the acts of Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله وسلم) where he spoke the intention out loud, even it is not proven that the he ever spoke out the intention of Prayer, Wudoo (Ablution) and likewise he (صلي الله وسلم) never spoke out loudly while making the intention for Hajj and Umrah. Read more: Basic Understanding of 2nd Day of Hajj – 9th of Zul-Hijjah
A very relevant Hadith to notice
Even it is not also proven that Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله وسلم) ever told his companions to speak out the intention for Hajj and Umrah loudly. However, there is one Hadith which is commonly quoted with respect to a question asked by Dubaa’ah bint al-Zubayr (May Allah be pleased with her) from Prophet (صلي الله وسلم), Kindly refer the below Hadith:
Dubaa’ah bint al-Zubayr (may Allah be pleased with her) asked him for advice, saying that she wanted to do Hajj but she was feeling unwell. The Prophet (صلي الله وسلم) said to her: “Do Hajj and put a condition saying, ‘I will exit Ihraam at the place where you cause me to fall ill,’ because your condition is valid before Allah.”
In this case it is acceptable to speak out loud because resolving to do Hajj is like a vow, and a vow is spoken out loud, because if a person intends to make a vow in his heart, that is not a vow and is not counted as a vow. Because Hajj is like a vow and must be completed once started, the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله وسلم) commanded Dubaa’ah to say her condition out loud and say, “If something prevents me from completing my Hajj, then the place of my exiting Ihraam is the place where You cause me to be unable to proceed further.” Read more: Important Rules to follow during the stay in Arafat by Hajj pilgrims
What is proven in the Haidth?
With regard to what is proven in the hadeeth, that the Messenger of Allah (صلي الله وسلم) said:
“Jibreel came to me and said, ‘Pray in this blessed valley, and say, ‘Umrah fi Hijjah or ‘Umrah Wa Hijjah [‘Umrah and Hajj],’”
That does not mean that he was speaking the intention out loud, rather what it means is that he was mentioning the acts of worship in his Talbiyah. The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله وسلم) did not speak his intention out loud.