Muharram is the starting month of the Islamic calendar that holds special importance in the history of Islam. The month is all about sacrificing and standing strong for the love of Allah.
How Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) has narrated it?
Prophet Muhammad’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) companion, Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنها) narrated that Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told that,
In an Islamic year of 12 months, the 4 are of holy significance. These months are 1) Rajab and three continuous months of 2) Dhu Al-Qa’dah, 3) Dhu al- Hijjah, and 4) Muharram (according to Sahih al- Bukhari).
What the Holy Quran teaches us about these months?
Chapter 9, verse 36 tells us that the number of lunar months is 12 as Allah has told us and in those days He produced heavens and earth. Out of these 12, the four months are deemed to be holy. Read more: 9 Glorious Unknown facts about the interior look of Holy Kaaba
It further states that this is the right religion and do not get mistaken with these months and battle as one against those who do not believe in the teachings of Allah as they are united against you. And be aware that Allah is with the virtuous who feel a fear of Him.
Facts related to the 10th of Muharram
In Arabic, the Ashura means 10th. In the Islamic world, it is a sacred day with lots of crucial facts attached to it. Read more: This Is Why Rajab Holds So Much Importance In Islam
1) Allah saved Prophet Nooh (May Allah Be Pleased Him) & his companions on this day
On the day of Ashura, Prophet Nooh (May Allah Be Pleased Him) and his confidants on the ark were saved by Allah.
2) Allah accepted the regret of Prophet Adam (May Allah Be Pleased Him)
Moreover, Allah accedes the regret of Adam (May Allah Be Pleased Him) on this day when he was departed from paradise.
3) Allah saved Prophet Mossa (May Allah Be Pleased Him) from Pharoah (Firon)
Prophet Moosa (May Allah Be Pleased Him) was saved by Allah from his opponents of Pharoah on the day of Ashura. All of these events glorify the significance of this day in our lives as a Muslim.
What about fasting on the day of Ashura?
There is also an implication of fasting on the day of Ashura. According to Ibn Abbas, when Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) migrated to Madinah, he saw that Jews are fasting on the 10th of Muharram. He inquired about this practice upon which they told him that they observe fasting on these two days because Allah saved the children of Israel from their rivals on this day. Read more: History and Importance of Prophet’s (Peace Be Upon Him) First Visit to Taif
Due to which, Moosa (Peace Be Upon Him) opted to fast on these days. After knowing this, Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said that,
We are more obliged to fast on this day by following Moosa and ordered Muslims to have fasted. (This event is also stated in Sahih al- Bukhari).
Muslims can observe fasting in other months of the Hijri as well, such as on the Arafat day or on 13th, 14th or 15th of any month. These are also called the fasting in voluntary terms that turns out to be blessed and beneficial for our own selves.
Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) about fasting in Muharram
According to Abu Huraira,
Prophet Muhammed (صلى الله عليه وسلم) has declared that fasting in Muharram is best after fasting in Ramadan. It proves us that how much it is imperative to perform fast during this month.
Is fasting compulsory in the month of Muharram?
It is also stated that it is not compulsory to fast on these days rather if you do, then it is good for you and if you do not then there is nothing serious. Read more: Fatima Bint Muhammad (رضي الله عنها)
How fasting became a pillar of faith?
When fasting was made a ritual in Ashura, it was because to introduce Muslim with this practice. Earlier it was about fasting on thrice every month, but later it was obligatory to fast in Ramadan the whole month. This factor made Ashura fasting as an option and Ramadan fasting became a compulsion.
Apart from fasting, especially on this day, it has also been observed that mourning or celebrating the day of Ashura was never discussed by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم).
Source: Arab News