We have been requested by our frequent readers to write the basic details of Hajj, its kinds, and differences among those and other related details regarding Hajj. This topic will definitely add up to their Islamic Knowledge related to Hajj and provide assistance and further help to those who are traveling this year in 2019 for Hajj.
We have enlisted below the name of the topics related to Hajj which we have discussed in further details for our users:
- Types of Hajj.
- The difference between the 3 types of Hajj.
- More virtue (Reward) exist in Hajj-e-Qiran.
- The difference of sacrifice among 3 kinds of Hajj.
- Making the intention of performing Hajj by heart.
- Mandatory acts of Hajj.
- Ruling in case, If someone changed the order in Performing the acts.
- The ruling about Mandatory Acts (Faraidh).
- The Obligatory (Wajib), Recommended (Sunnah) and Desired (Mustahab) acts of Hajj.
Types of Hajj
Hajj is divided into three (3) types with respect to combining Umrah with it or not.
A). Hajj-e-Ifraad and one who performs Ifraad is called Mufrid
The first type is that when someone makes the intention of performing Hajj alone at the time of departure, and puts on Ihraam of the same and does not combine Umrah with Hajj. This type of Hajj is called “Ifraad” and the one who is performing it is called a “Mufrid”.
B). Hajj-e-Qiran and one who performs Qiraan is called Qarin
The second type of Hajj is that when someone combines Umrah with Hajj from the beginning i.e. one makes the intention of both (Hajj and Umrah) and wears Ihraam of both simultaneously. This is called “Qiraan” and the one who is performing this kind of Hajj is called a “Qarin”.
C). Hajj-e-Tamattu and who performs Tamattu is called Mutamatte
The third type of Hajj is that when someone combines Umrah with Hajj in this manner that he/she puts Ihraam of Umrah only from Miqaat point and does not include Hajj in it and then upon reaching Makkah one should perform Umrah and then end the Ihraam of Umrah by shaving or trimming the head hair and then on the 8th day of Zul-Hijjah one should wear Ihraam of Hajj from Masjid-Al-Haram. This type of Hajj is called “Tamattu” and the one who is performing this type of Hajj is called a “ Mutamatte”. Read more: Important rules to follow while moving from Arafat to Muzdalifah
Which type of Hajj should be chosen by Hajj pilgrims
A person going for Hajj is allowed to choose any of these three types of Hajj. However “Qiran” is the best out of all (Afzal) according to Imam Abu Hanifa’s view. There is a difference in making the intention and certain rules of these three types of Hajj. Therefore it is incumbent to understand all three completely. Read more: Important rules to follow during the stay in Arafat by Hajj pilgrims
The difference in the above mentioned three (3) types of Hajj
|S.No.||Types of Difference in Hajj||Description|
|1||The difference of Intentions.||The first difference is the difference of intentions among these three (3) types of Hajj. In the first type of Hajj which is called Ifraad, one only makes the intention of Hajj at the time of Ihraam.|
|2||The intention of both Hajj & Umrah.||In the second type of Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-e-Qiraan), one makes the intention of both Hajj and Umrah.|
|3||The intention of performing only Umrah.||In the third type of Hajj which is “Tamattu” one only makes an intention of Umrah at the time of first Ihraam and then wears a separate Ihraam for Hajj later.|
|4||To wear Ihraam until completion of all rituals of Hajj.||The other major difference is that in the first two types (i.e. Hajj-e-Ifraad and Hajj-e-Qiraan) of Hajj the Ihraam will remain effective until one completes all rituals of Hajj.|
|5||Putting off Ihraam after shaving head||However, in the third type of Hajj which is called “Tamattu” one will end the effectiveness of Ihraam by shaving or trimming the head hair upon completion of rituals of Umrah i.e. performance of Tawaaf and Sa’e.|
Person Performing Hajj-e-Tamattu can stay in Makkah until the 8th day of Zul-Hijjah without Ihram
This will allow the person to stay in Makkah until the 8th day of Zul-Hijjah without being in the state of Ihraam and will not remain under any restrictions of Ihraam and then on the 8th day of Zil-Hijjah, he will wear Ihraam of Hajj from Masjid-Al-Haram.
More virtue (Reward) exist in Hajj-e-Qiran
Although the third of Hajj is easier but more virtue (reward) is for “Qiran” provided that one will be able to sustain the restrictions throughout the duration of Ihraam otherwise performing “Tamattu” is better.
The rituals and rulings of Hajj and likewise the rites and ruling of Umrah and rest of percepts of Ihraam are the same for all three types of Hajj.
The difference of sacrifice among (3) kinds of Hajj
The only difference is that the sacrifice on the 10th day of Zul-Hijjah is obligatory upon “Qiran” and “Tamattu” but “Mustahab” (desired) for a “Mufrid (A person who performs Hajj-e-Ifraad)”.
|S.No.||Types of Hajj||Differences of Sacrifice|
|1||Hajj-e-Qiraan||It is obligatory (Wajib) to sacrifice the animal.|
|2||Hajj-e-Tamattu||It is obligatory (Wajib) to sacrifice the animal.|
|3||Hajj-e-Ifraad||It is desired (Mustahab) to sacrifice the animal.|
Making the intention of performing Hajj by heart
It is sufficient to make the intention by heart for all three (3) types of Hajj but one should try to pronounce the meaning of the following words in one’s own language as well.
Saying of these words in Arabic is better.
For instance one should make the intention of Hajj-e-Ifraad as follows:
اللهم اني اريد الحج فيسره لي و تقبله مني
O Allah, I intend to perform Hajj, make it easy for me and accept it from me.
And for “Tamattu” one should make the intention at the time of first Ihraam as follows:
اللهم اني اريد العمرة فيسر هالي و تقبلها مني
O, Allah I intend to perform Umrah, make it easy for me and accept it from me.
The words of intention have been rendered here in both Arabic and English. If one faces difficulty in memorizing the Arabic words then he/she may pronounce the meaning of these words in any language be it English, Bengali, Hindi, Urdu or etc.
Mandatory Acts of Hajj
Just like in Salah there are certain acts that are mandatory, certain acts are obligatory, certain are Sunnah and certain are Mustahab (desired) likewise in the case of observance of Hajj as well.
The total mandatory acts of Hajj are four:
|S.No.||Mandatory Acts||Details of Mandatory Acts|
|1||To wear Ihraam||It means one makes intention by heart along with the recital of Talbiya by tongue at least once. By doing this one initiates Ihraam. (Ghunya)|
|2||To make the stay in the plain of Arafat||It means one makes intention by heart along with the recital of Talbiya by tongue at least once. By doing this one initiates Ihraam. (Ghunya)|
|3||To perform Tawaad-e-Ziyarat||This Tawaaf can be performed any time between 10th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah. However, it is better to perform it on the 10th day of Zul-Hijjah and to perform it after the 12th of Zul Hijjah any time in one’s life is considered valid as well. But it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi (almost forbidden) to delay it until after the 12th of Zul-Hijjah, In which case a Da’m (Sacrifice) becomes compulsory as well (as a penalty). (Ghunya)|
|4||To perform these three mandatory acts successively and orderly||It means one wears the Ihraam first then stays in Arafaat and then performs Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat.|
Ruling in case, if someone changed the order in performing the acts as discussed above
If someone had changed the order in performing these acts, for example, someone first performed Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat and then stayed in Arafaat and then wore Ihraam or first wore Ihraam and then performed Tawaaf-e-Ziyarat and then made a stay in Arafaat, Hajj would become invalid (Sharh-Zubda).
The ruling about Mandatory acts (Faraidh)
The ruling about mandatory acts is that if a Hajj pilgrim misses even one mandatory act, the Hajj would become invalid and cannot be amended in any way even by offering a “Da’m” or a sacrifice.
The obligatory (Wajib), Recommended (Sunnah) and Desired (Mustahab) acts of Hajj
There are numerous obligatory (Wajib), recommended (Sunnah) and desired (Mustahab) acts of Hajj. Therefore a detailed account of these acts will be given in their respective chapters under the details of acts of Hajj and Days of Hajj.
Here we intend only to mention the rulings of these terms.
1). The ruling of a Wajib act
If a Wajib act was missed either by a mistake or intentionally or out of ignorance, the Hajj will be considered valid in every case. But a “Da’m” will stand obligatory in every case and one would have to make a sincere Taubah (Ghunya, Zubdah).
2). The ruling of a Sunnah act
One who acts on a Sunnah, is entitled to a tremendous reward but it is disliked (Makrooh) is miss it intentionally although the Hajj will be considered valid and no penalty of a “Da’m” or charity is required (Ghunya, Zubdah)
3). The ruling of a Mustahab Act
The one who practices upon a Mustahab act is entitled to great rewards. However it is not disliked (Mukrooh to skip it and there is no penalty due either) (Zubdah).